Wednesday, February 27, 2019

Generational Conflict Is Posed To Dramatically Increase

Most People Don't Save Enough (click to enlarge)
Chalk the situation before us up to poor planning, greed, or simply a case of governments promising far more than they can provide, this means conflicts between the generations are set to explode. We should expect the stress and tensions between today's youth and those of older citizens to increase as demands for government help grow larger from both groups. In short, this translates into a fight over where entitlement money is spent. The needs of these two groups are very different and real so it is only logical that conflict will arise but society may be surprised at the potential size of the collision these special interest pose and should prepare for a major clash in the near future when reality hits.

Different generations sport a completely different set of priorities with the younger generation concerned about getting help starting out, paying on their student loans, raising children, and in finding a nice place to live. Those nearing retirement, the so-called, "baby boomers" and older Americans that have already retired or are looking forward to kicking back, often with little in the way of savings this group wants to know the government will be there to help make them comfortable and take care of them in coming years. The myth that funds have been set aside to provide for the social security payments and the medical needs of older Americans will soon be laid bare and the bill for such things is about to be laid at the feet of today's youth. Call them what you want but Generation X, the Millennials and their younger "Generation Z" counterparts are in for a rude awakening when handed the bill for all that has been promised.

The siblings of “Generation Z” owe a great deal of their generational identity to Generation X. Born between 1960 and 1980 in the United States the Generation X is now between the ages of 34 and 54 years old. These are the people who laid the political, intellectual, social, creative and personal ground upon which the youth of today walk, talk and text. Sadly. they also did little to promote an environment of political reality by halting baby boomers from leveraging their clout into favorable policy that they will enjoy in later life. In fact, in the 1980s our government slashed tax rates to revitalize the flagging economy just as boomers approached their prime earning years. The average federal tax rate for a median American household, including income and payroll taxes, dropped from more than 18% in 1981 to just over 11% in 2011.

The Sad Truth Is Many Older Americans Are Broke!
This means nothing was set aside to pay out the generous benefits boomers have bestowed upon themselves, programs like a prescription drug benefit paired with inadequate premiums are set to cause deficits to explode in coming years. Today an American born in 1945 is receiving nearly $2.2m in lifetime net transfers from the "state" far more than they pay in, and far more than any previous group. A study by the International Monetary Fund in 2011 compared the tax bills of what different age citizens pay over their lifetime with the value of the benefits they are forecast to receive and found the boomers are leaving a huge bill. Those aged 65 in 2010 may receive $333 billion more in benefits than they pay in taxes. This is a huge obligation the government must meet and will be a heavy burden placed upon the shoulders of our youth.

For over 35 years, the Administration on Aging (AOA) has provided home and community-based services to millions of older persons through the programs funded under the Older Americans Act (OAA). These include but are not limited to transportation, adult day care, caregiver supports, and health promotion programs. The Office of Nutrition and Health Promotion Programs manages health, prevention, and wellness programs for older adults. This includes behavioral health information, chronic disease self-management education programs; diabetes self-management, disease prevention, and health promotion services ( “Title IIID”), falls prevention programs; HIV/AIDS education, nutrition services, and oral health promotion. All this cost money and this is only the tip of the iceberg when it comes to money being thrown at making the lives of older Americans better.

The Number Of Older Americans Is Growing
As senior citizens make up an ever-greater proportion of the U.S. population, a range of economic and social shifts will change American society. For example, total health care spending will rise significantly: In 2010 those 65 and older spent about $18,424 per person on personal health care, about three times more than the average working-age adult and about five times more than the average child. The cost of caring for elderly persons with dementia is also predicted to grow substantially in the coming decades, Alzheimer’s care alone may exceed $1 trillion annually. A report titled, 65+ in the United States paints a detailed picture of the over-65 demographic in the United States and this group is central to recent policy debates on the Affordable Care Act and even extending into the area of physician-assisted suicide.

It is predicted that as people age the cost of caring for them will dramatically increase and this will create real problems for our budget. Sadly, the arithmetic leaves few ways out of the mess, the numbers are ugly and much of it is only now becoming visible in our soaring National Debt. Faster growth would help, but the debt left by the boomers adds to the drag of slower labor-force growth. Carmen Reinhart and Kenneth Rogoff, two Harvard economists, estimate that public debt above 90% of GDP can reduce average growth rates by more than 1%. Meanwhile, the boomer era has seen falling levels of public investment in America. Annual spending on infrastructure as a share of GDP dropped from more than 3% in the early 1960s to roughly 1% in 2007.

Austerity is another option, but the consolidation needed would be large. A report from the IMF estimates that fixing America’s fiscal imbalance would require a 35% cut in all transfer payments and a 35% rise in all taxes. This is clearly too big a pill for our creaky political system to swallow. Fiscal imbalances rise with the share of the population over 65 growing and with partisan gridlock, this is troubling news for America, where the over-65 share of the voting-age population will rise from 17% now to 26% in 2030. As this voting block grows and strengthens it is unlikely they will loosen the noose.

This leaves the third possibility: inflation. A few years of 5% price rises could help households reduce their debts faster. Other economists, including two members of the Federal Reserve’s policy-making committee, now argue that with interest rates near zero, the Fed should tolerate a higher rate of inflation and try to speed up recovery. The generational divide makes this plan a hard sell. Younger workers are typically debtors, who benefit from inflation reducing real interest rates, older people with large savings dislike it for the same reason. A paper by the Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis suggests that as a country ages, its tolerance for inflation falls.  

At a time when robots and automation are eliminating jobs, it could be argued that younger people are facing a difficult labor market when it comes to wages. This means that people are having to price themselves into jobs and that there continues to be a cut in the "real value" of pay as inflation remains higher than pay increases. Youth unemployment is weak, many jobs are only part-time, and workforce participation has dropped. In 2013 the Congressional Budget Office reviewed the implications of providing long-term services and support for older Americans, while the Pew Research Center looked at trends in caregiving, with an emphasis on the “sandwich generation” that is assisting both older children and aging parents. After a review of these reports, it is easy to arrive at the conclusion that the squeeze is just beginning.

1 comment:

  1. And yet the Rothschild's owners of the Federal Reserve and everything else of any value, in all the world, have amassed hundreds of trillions of dollars’ worth of wealth, a great big part of it, gold.
    This generational problem is not generational at all it is, CRIMINAL(S).
    Humanity has easily provided enough in the way of wealth to take care of all its citizens. The trouble is one family and one kind of people- (one kind of people, not contained by a word like Jew, or Zionist, or Greedy, or Murderous of Heart, all of these and more, is necessary to label them, for what they are, ie, the enemies of all the living Earth) -have robbed the rest of us of our wealth and made our wealth their own wealth by using the tactics of criminals, blackmail, bribery, murder, to control the Leadership’s Armies, the Leadership’s Judicial System, the Leadership’s Religions, the Leadership, itself.
    When the citizens come to terms with the reality, that they and their children have been flat out robbed and used like dogs, to kill the enemies of the Criminals running the Systems of Terror, Rape and Murder, Robbery, we are forced to live under. When citizens come to terms with the truth which is we have been used to kill each other, other citizens, so the ruler’s over us can have all we have ever earned or made, for themselves, then, we should change things, for sure.
    When the Citizens realize that by the standards of the criminals running the Earth into the ground and killing all life on Earth in the process, that we who are held in bondage by rabbling words on sheets of paper, meaningless, Gobbledygook, that like the people relying on it to uphold their demands for a good life, at the top of the food chain, their children getting the best life has to offer, bought, into the best Universities, though most often idiots and greedy to the point of being murderous.
    When the citizens realize, the scum bags robbing the World of living things blind, so nothing alive is not in jeopardy. When all the generations come to understand the real enemy of them and us, and all the living Earth, are the Suits and the Uniforms, who sustain each other by force, against us citizens.
    Threats of solitary confinement, death, spreading diseases among us, to kill us. When the citizens, you and myself, fully realize, the scum bags on top of us today know, a big time reformation is coming, that the greedy killers of us are running out of time to rob us, their systems used to destroy our living, to destroy our futures, to cause us to enter an early grave.
    We must understand today, the same low down murderous scum that hold us and our children today, in bondage, to their bloody wish, for us all, that we all should die and they should inherit all the Earth, them and their children. These destroyers of life who rob, rape and murder, with impunity, they know, push is coming to shove, and they are prepared for it.
    We must prepare ourselves for it, but not to die, but to live, us and our children, rather they, who think they have laid the ground work for our massive dying off, they intend, rather they live another day, or, not.
    It is not generational, it is class, it is religious, it is race, it is them against us and they have made it that way. Prepare to kill or be killed, is something all of us should think about, today.

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