|Greece's Debt Remains Unresolved And On The Books|
An article that appeared recently on MarketWatch pointed out how the euro jumped to intraday highs after the head of President Trump's recently formed National Trade Council, Peter Navarro, told the Financial Times that Germany is using the currency's low valuation to exploit the U.S. and the European Union. Navarro also told the FT that Germany stands as one of the main hurdles to a trade deal between the U.S. and the EU. The advisor to Mr. Trump went on to say the euro was like an "implicit Deutsche Mark" whose low valuation gave Germany an advantage over its main partners. The comments suggest the new administration is focusing on currency as part of its hard-charging approach on trade, however, many other factors flow into the complex issue of trade and the value of currencies.
For example, in mid-December of 2013 EU officials announced a "crucial breakthrough" on a fiscal backstop for rescuing or winding up failing banks in the Euro-zone but the details were inconclusive from the meeting of the Euro-zone countries and they were still being haggled over by all 28 EU finance ministers in Brussels 18 hours later. In reality, Germany had prevailed in its reluctance to assent to any pooled liability for the Euro-zone banking sector under the new regime of Euro-zone supervision known as the banking union. The key issue as always was who pays to wind up or recapitalize a failing bank, and who decides when a bank should be closed down. The bottom-line is the breakthrough means a "common" or pooled Euro-zone backstop would not be in place until 2025 at the earliest and would consist of money raised by the banks themselves via a levy starting in 2015.
This has resulted in a lower valuation of the Euro in recent years that reflects a growing number of economic hurdles facing the area rather than manipulation to benefit exports. Any rise in the value of the Euro will only exacerbate problems across Europe and strain the many social issues ripping away at the union. The fact remains the banks are in poor condition and the Euro-zone countries are not ready to backstop their losses. Even Greece remains a problem and is once again on the verge of collapse. Greek yields surged in the past week as the country didn’t secure a positive review at the Eurogroup on January 26th. Additional noise came after indications that the IMF still views the Greek debt as unsustainable and further measures from the Greek government are necessary as well as additional debt relief from European creditors.
|The Unabated Flow Of Refugees Continues|
Supporters of deeper financial integration have not, cannot, and will not break through a roadblock from Germany and some of the other better off countries to secure agreement on a common scheme to protect bank deposits. This means the poor countries remain poor and the economic divide continues to grow as money flows away from the weakest countries and banks and into the strongest. It is difficult to deny the Euro-zone has become a dysfunctional mess. The people of Europe have come to see the meetings of leaders in Brussels and other cities yield little other than more meetings and photo opportunities. With social strife resulting from the flow of refugees and faced with stress caused by continued high unemployment, the angst of voters against globalism is on the rise.
Add to this the simple fact Turkey is rapidly becoming a horrible fit with other members of the Euro-zone that value human rights and the rule of law. Day by day the promises of a cohesive region of peace and prosperity are pushed farther and farther into the future. Several terror attacks have shattered the calm Europeans have come to expect. The situation has gotten so bad that many Americans will simply not risk a visit to the area even though the dollar has strengthened against the euro making such travel a bargain. Now we are hearing that the Euro-zone may turn towards China and Asia to buffer their prospects. All the above lead me to believe any hope that the region is about to suddenly turn the corner is more based on false hope and a wish than a reflection of events on the ground.
Footnote; This is only one of several articles I have written about the Euro-zone over the years and that I'm while it remains for me a top travel destination my concerns for its future are on the rise. The article below continues along this theme.